With the drastic rise in Internet fraud and data breaches which has increased exponentially in the past couple of years amid threatening instances of critical and sensitive government data being siphoned off, it has become a crucial move for tech based giants to put in place top-of-the-line measures and robust strategies to stay ahead of hackers.
Since both consumer and critical data are saved within massive data centers globally, safeguarding the facilities from global-scale cyber attacks has become a top priority for giants like Google, Amazon, Twitter, LinkedIn and Facebook, among others.
Not just on the ground, Microsoft has even deployed an experimental, shipping container-size data centre on the seafloor near Scotland's Orkney Islands to help coastal communities connect to the Internet in a secure and efficient way.
Data centers are in-house facilities that centralize an organization’s information technology (IT) operations and equipment. It stores, manages and disseminates data and also houses a network's critical systems which can face a heightened risk of attack if properly trained staff are not there.
Since data centers are generally backed up remotely, physical security is given utmost importance at data centers, it is critical for organizations to beef up their cyber security posture through regular vulnerability assessments and penetration testing to check their readiness to tackle cyber threats.
Google has built custom servers exclusively for its data centers, never selling or distributing them externally and has designed them so they don't include unnecessary hardware or software thus reducing the number of potential vulnerabilities.
For example, in the event of a fire or any other disruption, Google shifts data access automatically and seamlessly to another data centre so that the users can keep working, uninterrupted.
These companies also rigorously track location and status of each hard drive at their data centers and destroy hard drives that have reached the end of their lives to prevent access to the data. For example, Facebook built its first data centre in Prineville in the US state of Oregon and the complex now consists of three massive buildings.
Data centre security demands maintaining high levels of confidentiality, integrity and availability of data. Protecting data centre networks requires greater flexibility and modernization to keep pace with increasingly sophisticated threats as the attackers know targeting the data centers will reap them more returns which can’t be ignored in present scenario.